Quick-Tip: SSH Tunneling Made Easy
By Frank Wiles
I was surprised at how long it took me to find a good HOWTO on setting up a simple SSH tunnel that I wanted to write up this Quick-Tip.
Using OpenSSH on a Linux/Unix system you can tunnel all of the traffic from your local box to a remote box that you have an account on.
For example I tunnel all of my outbound E-mail traffic back to my personal server to avoid having to change SMTP servers, use SMTP-AUTH, etc. when I am behind firewalls. I find that hotel firewalls, wireless access points, and the other various NATing devices you end up behind while traveling often do not play nice.
To do this I use the following:
ssh -f email@example.com -L 2000:personal-server.com:25 -N
The -f tells ssh to go into the background just before it executes the command. This is followed by the username and server you are logging into. The -L 2000:personal-server.com:25 is in the form of -L local-port:host:remote-port. Finally the -N instructs OpenSSH to not execute a command on the remote system.
This essentially forwards the local port 2000 to port 25 on personal-server.com over, with nice benefit of being encrypted. I then simply point my E-mail client to use localhost:2000 as the SMTP server and we're off to the races.
Another useful feature of port forwarding is for getting around pesky firewall restrictions. For example, a firewall I was behind recently did not allow outbound Jabber protocol traffic to talk.google.com. With this command:
ssh -f -L 3000:talk.google.com:5222 home -N
I was able to send my Google Talk traffic encrypted through the firewall back to my server at home and then out to Google. 'home' here is just an SSH alias to my server at home. All I had to do was reconfigure my Jabber client to use localhost as the server and the port 3000 that I had configured.
Hopefully this helps you to better understand SSH tunneling. If you found this page useful, you may also be interested in how to make your SSH connections faster. If you find any errors or have any suggestions regarding this please feel free to E-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Books on SSH
Here are some helpful books if you need further help with SSH.